What are the 4 Main Effects of Drugs?

So many people use drugs, either illegal or legal, to change how they feel. Then some people use drugs to discover how the drugs will make them think or respond to life. Drug experimentation is often a phase that most people either grow out of or decide they do not like the effects of drugs. Still, many people who use drugs end up liking the effects and start doing the drugs to help them deal with their negative feelings or emotions about everything. 

However, the result of drug use is more often than not to end up addicted and unable to stop. Therefore, the answer to not getting addicted to a drug is never to use them.

What are the 4 Main Effects of Drugs

What are the 4 Main Effects of Drugs?

When a person uses any mind-altering substance, including drugs and alcohol, they manipulate their brain to release certain chemicals. The reward pathway in the brain is what gets activated when someone uses a drug or drinks. Depending on the type of drug, the brain’s reward channel will release either a surge of dopamine, endorphins, or serotonin. Each of these brain chemicals gives a person pleasure and makes them feel good and experience euphoria. Different drugs prompt different reward pathway chemicals. 

There are essentially four effects that drugs will produce from different classes of drugs; some drugs cause two or more effects, and they include:   

  • Euphoria – Marijuana, Ecstasy, Hallucinogens 
  • Sedation – Opioids, Alcohol, Benzodiazepines  
  • Alertness – Cocaine, Prescription Stimulants, Methamphetamine
  • Disoriented – Alcohol, Hallucinogens, Ecstasy   

Hallucinogenic drugs are harder to define since they can often cause various effects and sometimes cause all four simultaneously. 

What Do the Experts Say How Drugs Affect the Body?

We all know that drugs can quickly kill a person if they use too much or do not know what they are taking. However, using drugs addictively or a lot all at once can hurt your body and cause permanent brain or other organ damage. The National Institute on Drug Abuse conducts advanced research about addiction and drug abuse. They state how significant the risk is to do drugs because it can easily lead to a critical emergency or cause addiction to ruin your life.

Drug use can have a wide range of short- and long-term, direct and indirect effects. These effects often depend on the specific drug or drugs used, how they are taken, how much is taken, the person’s health, and other factors. Short-term effects can range from changes in appetite, wakefulness, heart rate, blood pressure, and mood to heart attack, stroke, psychosis, overdose, and even death. These health effects may occur after just one use. (NIDA)

How To Tell If Someone Is on Drugs?

Signs that a person is on drugs will sometimes be undeniable or not so obvious at all. For example, some people on drugs also look better because of weight loss, and that they seem happier. However, most people on drugs will start to show symptoms of drug use and drug addictions. The list of how to tell if someone is on drugs is not exhaustive; many people show different signs, but the following are usually present:  

  • Change in priorities and behaviors 
  • Large or constricted pupils
  • Staying awake all night or sleeping all-day 
  • Hiding their whereabouts and lying
  • Not showering and not cleaning their home
  • Borrowing money or stealing
  • Insisting they are not using drugs

We Know How to Help You Get Off Drugs

If you need help, we are here for you. We have helped thousands of people who are either abusing drugs or addicted to drugs get clean and remain clean. The programs that we connect clients to are evidence-based and provide personalized treatment plans for drugs and alcohol. We also recommend inpatient, outpatient, intensive outpatient, extended care programs, and sober living. Do not let drugs change you for good or kill you. The life that you think is better on drugs is not the truth. 

We can get you into a program that will make you love life. Call chat or email to start right now.  


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